Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa
This badge was made to be worn in protest against French nuclear testing in the Pacific. Between 1966 and 1996, the French carried out about 190 nuclear tests at Moruroa and Fangataufa atolls in French Polynesia. These caused reef damage, landslides, subsidence, radioactive emissions, and fish poisoning. New Zealand versus France By the 1970s, New Zealand was a leading voice against nuclear testing in the Pacific. In 1973, the government sent navy frigates in support of a protest fleet and took France to the International Court of Justice. France stopped atmospheric nuclear testing in 1974, but resumed testing underground until 1996. Wearing protest The visual culture of anti-nuclear protest often took form in a range of popular media, including banners, T-shirts, and badges. Badges were accessible, mass-produced objects, cheap to make and purchase, easily disseminated, and effective in conveying political messages.