Maori flag: Aotearoa
One notable collector of New Zealand Wars material was William Francis Gordon. His collection focused largely on the 1860s and included paper-based material like maps, sketches, portraits, and here, a collection of Hauhau flags drawn by Gordon. Many of these flags were captured or surrendered to Pakeha or Kaupapa. Flags as symbols of identity and independence (Maori) and Imperialism (British) were important centrepieces in the New Zealand Wars. They announced a collection presence based on religious and political ideals and aspirations. This flag (its fabric is red silk) was made by the rebel fighter, governess, translator and teacher Hēni Te Kiri Karamu who fought at Pukehinahina, Gate Pa.